Located in the arid coastal plain of Peru some 400 km south of Lima, the NAZCA lines cover about 450 km2.
These lines, drawn in the soil between 500 B.C. and A.D. 500, raise one of the great enigmas of archaeology because of their quantity, nature, size and continuity. Some of these geoglyphs represent living creatures, other stylized plants or fantastic beings, and still others geometric figures of several kilometres long.
The NAZCA lines have been inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List since 1994.
How to see the NAZCA lines?
If you go to Peru agencies offer flights to fly over the NAZCA lines. Attention, it seems that it is not for fragile hearts.
Maria Reiche (born in Dresden on May 15, 1903 – died in 1998), this German mathematician, devoted most of her life to the archaeological study and preservation of the Nazca lines. According to her research and experiments, she hypothesized that geoglyphs had an astronomical function related to agriculture.
When Maria Reiche arrived in Peru in 1932, she was soon fascinated by the Nazca lines and decided to devote herself to her body and soul. She dedicated more than thirty years of her life to making known and studying this legacy of the past.
At first, people thought she was just crazy. They watched this strange lady venture alone into the wilderness with a little broom to clean the lines and compile data from the dawn to the light of dusk. She tried to explain that these lines are correlated with the position of certain stars and that they represent a sort of astrological calendar.