Animal lovers will understand me. is not happy when we are travelling and we see an animal (monkeys, deer, dogs,…)!! It makes us dream (we would love to have our little monkey), it reminds us of the house where our little beast on four legs is waiting for us. How lucky we are to say! Then we will seek to observe, to approach, to flatter him… But have you ever stopped the fact that this animal could have rabies?
What is rabies?
Rabies is a disease of the nervous system caused by a virus. It is transmitted through contact with saliva, cerebrospinal fluid and the nerve tissues of the rabid animal. Of course, the disease is transmitted via a bite but not just that. In fact, rabies can be transmitted by licking a wound, scratching, scratching, and by absorbing a droplet of saliva through a mucous membrane. In the infected person, the disease causes inflammation of the brain causing death.
What happens when a bite is taken by a sick animal?
Once infected, the virus pathways to a nerve fibre in which it will slowly progress to the brain where it multiplies and then spread throughout the nervous system. In humans, incubation is normally from 20 to 90 days.
At first, there are few symptoms. Itching and tingling at the wound and mood changes will be the harbingers. When the disease evolves, the person experiences respiratory problems. His breathing is spasmodically marked by important breaks. Then appears the Hydrophonic spasm that characterizes the disease. So as soon as the person tries to drink, sees water or perceives the noise, it panics, agitates, cries, seizure, etc. Soon the slightest flow of air, odor or light will trigger seizures. The patient quickly dies of asphyxiation during a spasm or plunges into a coma marked with respiratory anomalies causing death.
How to prevent it?
Well, the least we can say is that this disease is scary!!! How to prevent it then when you go on a trip to more risky areas? The easiest preventative measure is to avoid contact with wild animals and especially stray animals such as dogs and cats.
In addition, it is advisable to carry out your vaccination. The vaccine is even more advisable if you are planning a trip to places where rabies is more present (Africa, India, Southeast Asia, Latin America). This vaccination may seem costly but it must be taken into account that the disease is deadly. This vaccination is among other things available in the travel clinics.
You think you’ve been infected?
It is very important to act quickly if you think you have been exposed to rabies. The treatment of rabies is effective, but only if the person affected starts the treatment quickly. So immediately after being bitten, scratched or licked by a potentially rabies-vector animal, it takes:
Vigorously wash the wound or contact point with soap and water, rinse with great water and apply alcohol or iodine, if possible.
Consult a doctor to obtain post-exposure vaccination and, if necessary, treat the injury.
Think about it on your next trip abroad before you approach or get in touch with the beautiful little monkey!!